The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted by former President of India Rajendra Prasad on 2nd January, 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011. The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year. The award does not carry any monetary grant. The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President.
- The medal looks like a peepul leaf with “Bharat Ratna” written on it in Devanagari script. An image of sun is also printed on it. The back side of the award carries the state emblem and motto.
- First Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954.
- Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980.
- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) And Nelson Mandela (1990) are two non Indians of Bharat Ratna Award Winners.
- Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the youngest Bharat Ratna Award Winner.
- Subhash Chandra Bose was awarded with Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1992. But due to controversy (as there is no evidence of Subhash Chandra Bose\’s death) his family refused to accept the award. It is the only incident in the history of Bharat Ratna that an award was withdrawn.
- Vallabhbhai Patel is the eldest to receive (after death, at age 116) the award and Gulzarilal Nanda is the eldest alive person to receive (at age 99) the award.
List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients.
|Sr_No||Year||Name Of The Person|
|1||1954||Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Dr Chandrashekhar Venkataraman|
|2||1955||Dr. Bhagwan Das, Dr. Mokshgundm Visveswaraya, Jawaharlal Nehru|
|3||1957||Govind Vallabh Pant|
|4||1958||Keshav Karve Rdhodo|
|5||1961||Dr. BC Roy, Purushottam Das Tandon|
|6||1962||Dr. Rajendra Prasad|
|7||1963||Dr. Zakir Hussain, Pandurang Vaman Kane|
|8||1966||Lal Bahadur Shastri (posthumous)|
|10||1975||V. V. Giri|
|11||1976||of. Kamaraj (posthumous)|
|13||1983||Acharya Vinoba Bhave (posthumous)|
|14||1987||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (the first overseas)|
|15||1988||Mkdum Gopalan Ramachandran (posthumous)|
|16||1990||Dr. BR Ambedkar (posthumously), Nelson Mandela|
|17||1991||Rajiv Gandhi (posthumous), Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (posthumous), Morarji Desai|
|18||1992||JRD Tata, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (posthumously), Ray|
|19||1997||Aruna Asaf Ali (posthumous), Gulzari Lal Nanda (posthumous), APJ Abdul Kalam|
|20||1998||M / s. Subbulakshmi, c. Subramaniam, JP (posthumous)|
|21||1999||Pro. Amartya Sen, Pandit Ravi Shankar Gopinath Bardoli (posthumous)|
|22||2001||Lata Mangeshkar, Ustad Khan Bismilah|
|24||2014||Sachin Tendulkar, Dr. CNR Rao|
|25||2015||Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Madan Mohan Malviya (posthumous)|