World’s largest electronic ID program is run in India, Aadhar
The Aadhaar card has emerged as probably the world’s largest biometric identification programmes in the world with the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) issuing nearly 82 crore cards.
The Aadhaar project in India is providing a unique identifier for every resident of India – 1.2 billion residents – to make it easier to open a bank account, and mobility of the population. It also will decrease the embezzlement of government subsidies by as much as 1.3 billion dollars. The project uses MapR and Hadoop to create and maintain the world’s largest biometric database, which can verify a person’s identity within 200 milliseconds. The biometric database includes an iris scan, digital fingerprints, a digital photo, and then text-based data for every resident.
The project enables residents in India to receive food coupons, receive cooking gas deliveries, open checking accounts, apply for loans, insurance, pensions, property deeds, etc. In addition, the program makes it possible for the Indian government to make sure that welfare benefits go directly to the right person. This is especially important for India’s poor residents, who often lacked documentation and found it difficult to access services.
The uniqueness of an Aadhaar identity makes it possible to eliminate fake and duplicate accounts, and the online authentication system provides a mechanism for the paperless, electronic and instantaneous verification of a person’s identity. Over 1 billion Aadhaars (IDs) have been issued according to the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), the central government agency of India that runs the Aadhaar program
Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of enrolments with 10.48 crore cards while Maharashtra had 9.19 crore and West Bengal 6.12 crore up to April 20.
Data showed that the UIDAI has issued 81.78 crore cards, covering nearly 67% of the population.